Latin Legal Terms


Doleo – this Latin verb means to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve. In practice, the word relates to the legal phrase “Doli incapax”, applicable in the Criminal Law. There it details the presumption that children and mind incapable persons should not hold criminal liability, i.e. could not be convicted due to underage or mental illness. The opposite legal term is “capax doli”, which means “mentally capable to commit an offense”, and back in history usually referred to children aged between 7-14 years old, who had a brief understanding to be liable for their wrongful actions. The word also relates to the term “dolor”, which means pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.

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