Latin Legal Terms


Dicto – literally it means to say often, dictate; get written down. The word is used in the term “dictum” detailing a statement or opinion that is not necessary made in respect to the decision in a lawsuit. But sometimes this statement although being not a legal precedent, should be trusted on the base of the capacity of the person who has made it.
The word forms the legal term “dictator”, which in the Roman history detailed the person, appointed by the Senate to rule the Empire (for example Julius Caesars). Nowadays in the modern history the term “dicator” refers to the figure of ruler of a country, who has absolute and unrestricted powers, and who uses illegal instruments to rule the citizens – for example with terror and violence against them. An example is Joseph Stalin, a dictator of the former Soviet Union.

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