Latin Legal Terms


Judex – in practice, usually within the area of Court Trials, this term could have two different meanings:
1) It details the figure of a judge who hears the case between two parties.
2) It could refer to the legal power of the deciding court, as well.
The word participates in the legal rule “Judex non potest esse testis in propria causa”, applicable in the area of Court Proceedings. It provides that a judge can not participate as a witness and give a testimony on the case he/she is hearing and supposed to decide. This is because he can not present verbal proofs and decide on these at the same time. If a judge has to give testimony, then his case should start over by the leading of another, non-interested personally judge. A similar legal rule is “nemo debet esse judex in propria causa”, which means a person cannot judge a case in which they are party of. The goal is to deliver fair justice to the parties.

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