Latin Legal Terms


Edictum – this Latin noun has two different meanings:
1) It means an edict, a mandate. This is usually an authorization, given by the voters, or by ruling entity, towards a practitioner for performance of job for a particular period.
2) It means “order” or “command”. This is a legal proclamation which has the force of binding law for the society. It applies to detail a provision or instruction by the ruler of a country. For example, a president may issue edict for prohibition of particular events (like protests).

Within the second meaning, in practice, the word “edictum” participates in the legal term “Praetorian edict”, used in the area of Court Trials to detail the order, on the base of which the new judges are being informed about the rules, applying in the concrete court authority. It also relates to the legal term “edictum tralatitium”, which applies in the area of Court Trials. There it refers to a part of the writ of the judge, which part has been taken by previous writ.

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