Latin Legal Terms


Cognatus – the origin of this term is the Latin word “cognate”, which means literally “related by birth”. in the legal practice, this Latin term is used in the area of Inheritance Law, where details the figure of a heir, who is legally related by bloodline to the inheritor (testator). On the base of this blood relation, proclaimed in the particular local legislation, the heir will have the legal right to receive the assets left by the decedent (as per the provisions of the particular local legislation). It is important to point here that rights of inheritance occur only with the moment of death of the inheritor; these cannot be exercised earlier. A similar term is “consanguneus”, which has the same meaning.

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