Latin Legal Terms

Dubium

Dubium – this Latin noun literally means doubt, hesitation or reservation – understood as questioning the truth or correctness of a fact or a circumstance; or to hold unsettled question or position. The word relates to the verb “dubito”, that means to doubt, to hesitate (a statement or document). In practice, the word “dubium” participates in the maxim “dubia in meliorem partem interpretari debent” that means doubtful circumstances or facts should be considered in the best possible way.
The word relates also to another legal rule, applicable in the area of Criminal Proceedings – “in dubio pro reo”, which details the basic principle that a person should be considered innocent until the guilt is proven with a court decision which entered in legal force.

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