Latin Legal Terms

Dico

Dico – this Latin verb literally means to say, remark, tell, pronounce so it can be written by others. In the legal practice, the word participates in the legal term “nihil dicit”. It details a situation in the court trials, where a decision has been taken by the court and proclaimed, without the participation of one of the parties in the process (usually due to their refusal to participate and cooperate in the trial). Synonyms are “appelo” “diffamatus” and “loquor”.
The word relates also to the legal maxim “Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit”, which means that the burden of proof is for the one who claims, not on who denies. It establishes the principle of innocence, as applicable in the Criminal Law in all legal systems.

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