Latin Legal Terms

Debeo

Debeo – literally it means to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by. In practice, the word participates in the legal maxim “nemo debet esse iudex in propria”, which is used in the sphere of Court Trials. It states that nobody should be acting as a judge on their own legal case. This legal principle confirms the independence of the judge from the parties and secures delivering of fair justice in a trial where the judge has no personal interest in.
The word also participates in forming the legal motto “Qui in jus dominiumve alterius succedit jure ejus uti debet”, used in the area of Inheritance Law. It details the obligation of the heir in relation to the cases where he has accepted the inheritance pot and there are still outstanding debts, left by the testator to the limits of any inherited asset in possession of the heir.

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