Latin Legal Terms

Civilis

Civilis – this word literally means civil. It relates mostly to the main legal term “jus civile”, which gave the name of the branch of Roman Law invented by people to govern the relations among themselves. The origin of this term is the word “civis”, which means citizen, townsman. “Jus Civile” differs than jus publicum, which refers to the Public Law – a type of Law that has been created to govern the relations between the authorities on one hand and the citizens, on another.

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