Latin Legal Terms

Bellum

Bellum – this Latin word means “war”. It relates to the legal term “jus in bello”, which means the law that governs the actions of countries during war (including internationally forbidden actions during war, like usage of chemical or nuclear weapons against people). The word participates also in the legal term “Praedia Bella”, used in the area of Military Law, where describes the valuable goods and items, captured during war or military invasion in another country.
The word relates and to the legal term “bellicus”, which means: military; army-one. It participates in the legal term “Casus belli”, used in the area of Military Law during the past centuries, where it is used to refer to offenses or threats directly against a nation. A defense against these actions would then not be considered as illegal actions. A synonym is “casus foederis”, detailing a treaty by one nation towards another.

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